Addiction, as with many other mental disorders, is often best treated in a group format, especially in the early recovery and treatment process. The Bergand Group provides a variety of specialized group therapy options conducted by a range of trained providers including psychiatrists, internists with Board Certification in Addiction Medicine, registered nurses, clinical social workers, and addiction counselors in the Baltimore and Harford County areas. Please visit the Intensive Outpatient services page for our group therapy schedule.
In addition to affording the same treatment opportunities as individual therapy (such as cognitive-behavioral treatment), the group setting introduces a new dynamic into addiction treatment and gives people who are going through the same process the opportunity to learn together, challenge each other, and support each other in their recoveries. There are five group therapy models used in addiction group therapy.
This model teaches the group about the effects of substances on their bodies, as well as the way substance abuse and addiction affects their relationships, families, and other aspects of their lives.
Skill Development Model
This model teaches the group skills that they can use in the recovery process. This includes identifying situational and environmental triggers that can cause cravings to use, and how to avoid these triggers, and confront them if they are unable to be avoided.
Support Group Model
The support group gives individuals recovering from addiction a forum in which they can support each other to help everyone through the recovery process. The group uses the fact that they have all gone through a similar experience to form a bond that strengthens the group, which in turn gives more weight to the support they give to each other. The support group also provides a place where excuses for poor performance can be challenged, and those who once made such excuses can offer suggestions as to how to overcome them.
Cognitive Behavioral Group Model
In the group setting, recovering individuals can examine their own triggers such as negative lines of thought and reasoning that produce the desire to use substances. The focus then turns to ways to prevent these negative thoughts, and the reinforcement of skills to do so.
Group Psychotherapy Model
In the group context, individuals share their own experiences that led them to substance abuse, including dysfunctional relationships and life choice choices. The group seeks to identify negative behaviors, understand why these actions were taken, and discuss ways to prevent them from reoccurring.